Fitness to Practise - How it Works

The Social Care Council's Fitness to Practise is managed according to the processes set out in our Fitness to Practise Rules 2019. These are applied in all situations when the Council receives an allegation against a Registrant.

Fitness to Practise Process MapCases referred to Social Care Council may be closed at various stages in the Fitness to Practise process, so not all Registrants will go through all of the stages. An allegation will only be taken through the Fitness to Practise process if there is a real prospect of a finding of 'Impaired Fitness to Practise'.  

Read on and click on the dropdowns below find to find out more about Fitness to Practise and How it Works.  PDF copies of the Fitness to Practise Rules and processes are available to download from the resources below.

Upon receipt of an allegation about a Registrant, an assessment will be made about whether the information is appropriate for consideration by NISCC according to the 'Standard of Acceptance'. If it is not, no further action is taken.

If the allegation is appropriate for consideration, the Registrant is notified and provided with the opportunity to respond and an investigation is undertaken. This may include obtaining evidence from, for example, the person making the allegation, the Registrant’s employer, witnesses or the Police.

Following this, the case is discussed at case conference where the information obtained is evaluated and the level of risk is assessed to decide whether there is a real prospect of a finding of impaired fitness to practise. One of the following decisions is then made:

  1. Close the case;
  2. Close the case and issue a written reminder to the Registrant about their responsibilities under the Standards of Conduct and Practice; - This is a written reminder sent to the Registrant about their responsibilities under the Standards of Conduct and Practice where a decision is taken that no further action should be undertaken in relation to an allegation. The Registrant is also informed that this information may be reconsidered in the light of a  any further allegation received by NISCC.
  3. Dispose of the case by consensual means through either issuing a Warning, agreeing *Undertakings with the Registrant, or ***Removal by Agreement; - NISCC can in certain circumstances, dispose of cases by consent. Disposal by consent is a means by which NISCC and the Registrant concerned, can seek to conclude a case without the need for a contested hearing, by agreeing a sanction of the kind which a Committee would have been likely to make in any event. This allows for more efficient use of resources and also for matters to be concluded more quickly. NISCC will only consider resolving a case by consent following a robust risk assessment process and where the Registrant is willing to admit the allegation in full. All consensual disposals will be published for the period they apply. 
  4. Forward the case for consideration by the Preliminary Proceedings Committee; 
  5. Transfer the case directly to a Fitness to Practise Committee - A case may be referred directly to a Fitness to Practise Committee where the findings of fact of a regulatory body (such as the Nursing and Midwifery Council) or the Disclosure and Barring Service can be used as evidence that the facts have been found, or where the allegation is based upon a caution or conviction for a criminal offence in any UK Court, or where the allegation is based on a caution or conviction for an offence in another country, which, if committed in the UK, would constitute a criminal offence.

*Warnings - A Council level warning allows a case to be dealt with without the need for a hearing and is likely to be most appropriate for those cases where it is anticipated that a Fitness to Practise Committee would impose a warning if the case was to progress to a full hearing. A warning can be imposed for up to five years. It does not restrict the Registrant’s ability to practise.
If the Registrant does not agree to the warning, the case will proceed to the Preliminary Proceedings Committee which will deal with the case in the same way as any other case. Where the Registrant fails to engage with NISCC within the specified timescale, the Council will proceed to impose a warning. In this circumstance, the Registrant will have the right to appeal the decision to the Care Tribunal.

**Undertakings - An ‘undertaking’ is an agreement between the Registrant and NISCC in relation to work practices. It enables a Registrant to continue working and is agreed between the Registrant and NISCC without referral to Committee. NISCC will agree an undertaking(s) with a Registrant if it considers that a case might be appropriate for disposal by this means. Examples of undertakings may include an agreement to undertake additional training or to attend a health related treatment programme. For an undertaking(s) to be agreed, the Registrant will have to:

  • admit the allegation(s);
  • admit that the actions amount to impaired fitness to practise; and
  • confirm agreement to comply with the undertaking(s).

If the Registrant does not agree to the undertaking(s), the case will be referred to a Preliminary Proceedings Committee (PPC). The PPC will deal with the case in the same way as any other case i.e. its role will not simply be to determine whether the undertaking(s) should be imposed. An undertaking(s) will not be time bound however the Registrant may apply for early release from the undertaking if they consider that their fitness to practise is no longer impaired. If the Registrant fails to meet the undertaking(s), the matter will be referred to a PPC. 

***Removal by Agreement - Through this process, a Registrant can apply to be removed from the Register without being referred to a Committee. The decision to agree to the application is made at a Case Conference. Applying for removal by agreement does not mean that a Registrant has the right to be removed, but it enables NISCC to agree to removal in an appropriate case. The decision whether to agree the application is made taking into account whether the allegation involves exceptional public interest issues. If it is considered that it does, the application will be refused. If it is not agreed that a Registrant can be removed by this process, then the Registrant will be referred to a Preliminary Proceedings Committee or directly to a Fitness to Practise Committee. If it is agreed that a Registrant can be removed by this process, correspondence will take place between NISCC and the Registrant that will result in the Registrant: 

  • admitting the allegation/s against them;
  • signing an agreed statement of facts. (This means admitting to the agreed established facts.) The document contains the details and evidence that establishes the facts of the allegation/s; 
  • admitting that his / her fitness to practise is impaired due to the matters set out in the agreed statement of facts; 
  • confirming in writing that he / she understands that they will be removed from the Register;
  • cannot apply for restoration until five years from the date they are removed; 
  • that NISCC will inform the person making the allegation and the employer or university;
  • that the Disclosure and Barring Service and another regulatory body may be informed; and
  • that the decision will be made public.

Any case where it is considered that an independent perspective is required to reach a decision on whether there is a real prospect of a finding of impaired fitness to practise, and all cases where it is considered that an Interim Suspension Order or an Interim Conditions of Practice Order should be imposed, will be referred to a Preliminary Proceedings Committee. This Committee can: 

  • close a case, with no further action; 
  • direct further investigation is required;
  • issue a written reminder;
  • refer back to the Council to pursue a consensual disposal;
  • suspend a Registrant from the Register for a set period whilst an investigation is undertaken (Interim Suspension Order);
  • impose interim conditions on a Registrant whilst an investigation is undertaken (Interim Conditions of Practice Order); or
  • refer a case to a Fitness to Practise Committee.

Interim Suspension Order (ISO) - If NISCC considers that the information received shows that a Registrant may pose a risk to the public, colleagues, or service users, or that it is in the public interest, or in the interest of a Registrant, it can recommend that the Committee imposes an Interim Suspension Order (ISO). An ISO suspends a registered worker from the Register on a temporary basis while the case is being investigated. It means that:

  • a Registrant will be unable to work in a role that requires Registration whilst the Order is in place.
  • a social worker will be unable to work as or call himself / herself a registered social worker or work in a role which requires registration while the Order is active.
  • a social care manager or a social care worker will not be able to work in a role which requires a registrant to be registered with NISCC while the Order is active.
  • a social work student will be suspended from their course while the Order is active.

An ISO may be set for any length of time (but only up to six months initially), with set review periods during its term, and cannot be imposed for more than two years in total except in exceptional circumstances, for example, where a criminal conviction case is on-going. 

Interim Conditions of Practice Order (ICPO) - An Interim Conditions of Practice Order (ICPO) temporarily places conditions upon a Registrant’s registration while the investigation is taking place. A Registrant will be able to continue working while the ICPO is in place, however, there will be conditions on his / her practice. The type of conditions that could be imposed may be:

  • to undertake specific training within a defined period and provide evidence of the successful completion of that training to NISCC;
  • to provide NISCC with a monthly report signed by his / her employer confirming that he / she is complying with a relevant requirement , e.g. not undertaking a particular activity without supervision; adhering to employer policies and procedures.

An ICPO may be set for any length of time (but only up to six months initially), with set review periods during its term, and cannot be imposed for more than two years in total. The Committee may decide, based on the information from NISCC and the Registrant, that the Registrant’s fitness to practise may be impaired and that it should therefore be referred to a Fitness to Practise Committee to make a final decision on the matter.

All active Interim Suspension Orders and Interim Conditions of Practice Orders are published on NISCC’s website.

Referral to a Fitness to Practise Committee - The Committee may decide, based on the information from NISCC and the Registrant, that the Registrant’s fitness to practise may be impaired and that it should therefore be referred to a Fitness to Practise Committee to make a final decision on the matter.

A Fitness to Practise Committee, which generally sits in public, will consider the allegations against the Registrant and decide whether the Registrant’s fitness to practise is impaired. If the Committee considers that the Registrant’s mental or physical ill health was a cause or substantial contributor to the alleged impaired fitness to practise, it will sit in private. The Committee will be able to:

  • close a case, with no further action (as above);
  • issue a written reminder (as above);
  • impose a warning for a period of up to five years;
  • impose a Conditions of Practice Order for a period of up to three
  • years 
  • suspend a Registrant for a period of up to two years; or
  • remove a registrant from the Register.

All decisions and the reasons for them are placed on the Hearings and Decisions page on NISCC’s website. 

Health Matters - If it is considered that health issues may be relevant, the Registrant’s health will be assessed by an independent medical practitioner who will prepare a report for the Fitness to Practise Committee. This will involve asking the Registrant for access to and copies of their medical record from their doctor which will then be provided to the medical practitioner. An appointment will be arranged between the Registrant and the medical practitioner (paid for by NISCC). From the information obtained from the medical records and the appointment, the practitioner will prepare the report for the Committee. At the fitness to practise hearing, a medical adviser, who is a different person to the medical practitioner who undertook the assessment of the Registrant, may sit with and advise the Committee on health matters. They will use the report provided by the medical practitioner during the hearing, as well as any oral or additional evidence provided regarding health, to advise the Committee on how health may have affected the alleged impaired fitness to practise.

Warnings - A warning can be placed on a Registrant’s registration for any length of time but cannot exceed 5 years. A Registrant can continue working while the warning is active. The warning will appear on the Registrant’s record and the NISCC website whilst it is active.

Conditions of Practice Order - This means that a condition is placed on a Registrant’s registration regarding their practice or particular area of performance. A Registrant will remain on the Register and be able to continue working. A Registrant can apply for a condition to be varied or revoked at any time during the period that the Order is in place. The onus is on the Registrant to produce relevant written evidence of compliance with the condition to NISCC. If at the end of the period, the condition has been complied with, the Order expires. If it has not, the matter is referred back to a Fitness to Practise Committee where a further Order may be imposed.

Suspension Order - This means that a Registrant is suspended from the Register. An Order can be placed for any length of time but cannot exceed two years. At the end of the suspension, a decision will be taken as to whether the registrant’s fitness to practise is impaired. Where the Registrant’s fitness to practise can be considered no longer impaired, the Registrant will be re-instated to the Register. Where the Registrant’s fitness to practise is considered to remain impaired, the Fitness to Practise Committee may impose a further Order.

Removal Order - This means that a Registrant is removed from the Register and is unable to work in any social care post which requires registration with NISCC. A Registrant can apply to the Restoration Committee to be restored to the Register five years after the Order was imposed.

Appeals to the Care Tribunal - A Registrant has the right to appeal to the Care Tribunal against a decision that affects their registration status. This includes the ability to appeal against any decision taken by NISCC. They must contact the Tribunal and apply within 28 days of the receipt of the decision from NISCC. The Care Tribunal can either confirm the outcome that is being questioned or disagree with the outcome or sanction given and overturn it. The Tribunal also has the power to vary the original decision.

For further details on the appeals process, please contact:

The Care Tribunal:
2nd Floor
Royal Courts of Justice
Chichester Street
Belfast BT1 3JF

Telephone number: 0300 2007 812
E-mail address:

Restoration Committee - If a Registrant is removed from the Register, he / she may apply to a Restoration Committee to be restored to the Register after five years. The burden will be on the Registrant to prove that he / she should be restored to the Register.

Membership of Committees - NISCC has a pool of independent people to sit on its Hearing committees. They are recruited and appointed by NISCC to act on its behalf. The pool consists of lay and social care members. Lay members come from a variety of backgrounds, for example, local authorities, human resources, private business. The background and expertise of social care members also varies, and may include experience in mental health settings, working with adults with learning difficulties, and child care and/ or practice teaching experience.

Three members sit on each Committee. Each Committee must have a majority of lay members, and the Chair is always a lay member. Each Committee also has a social care member. NISCC will endeavour as far as possible to ensure that this member has the background, experience or knowledge of the particular area of social work or social care relevant to the Registrant. Each Committee also has a legal adviser present to advise it on matters of law. Where a Committee is considering medical evidence, it may also have a medical adviser present to advise on medical issues.

Getting professional or legal advice and representation - If you are informed by NISCC that an allegation has been received about you, before responding to the information received, you may wish to seek professional or legal advice and representation by contacting your trade union or professional association or a solicitor.

Contacting NISCC Fitness to Practise Team - For information about the investigation of a case, please contact the NISCC Fitness to Practise Team by Email or call 028 9536 2940

Contact the NISCC Committee Management Team - For information on the hearings process, please contact the NISCC Committee Management Team by Email or call 028 9536 2933

Associated Resources